Despite expressing various reservations about the African Union’s (AU) Roadmap for dealing with the escalation of tensions between the two sides, both Sudan and South Sudan have each declared acceptance of the provisions of the seven-point roadmap.
The roadmap provides, among other things, for immediate cessation of hostilities including aerial bombardments, unconditional withdrawal of forces from occupied areas, and further makes explicit reference for agreed frameworks to be respected and implemented by both sides.
The roadmap has since received the backing of the United Nations (UN). In a unanimously adopted resolution (UNSC Resolution 2046 (2012)), the world body has threatened to make use of sanctions in the event of the failure of the two sides to commit to peace.
Generally, the two documents make important concessions in the choice of language and provisions. The AU’s roadmap explicitly condemns the aerial bombardments and also enjoins the two sides to desist from dealings with armed groups on both sides.
These two issues are important provisions in the sense that they reflect the concerns of both Juba and Khartoum respectively.
For a long time, elements in Juba have harboured the feeling that the bombings in their territories were going unnoticed and without condemnation. Khartoum has also persistently expressed